Volcanoes

(Classroom activity)

Volcanic Eruption in Costa Rica

We’re currently learning about Pompeii in history but now we’re going to look a little closer at volcanoes all around the world.

Use the links provided to answer the following questions.

Britannica link 1

  1. Approximately how many potentially active volcanoes are there in the world today?
  2. Hot melted rock is called magma. What do we call it when it is released from a volcano?
  3. Where do volcanoes usually form?
  4. What is the name give to the huge circle of volcanoes in the Pacific Ocean?
  5. Shield volcanoes are dome-shaped mountains built by lava flows. What 3-D shape are stratovolcanoes?
  6. What is the name given to the branch of geology that is focused on volcanoes?
  7. Name 4 positive uses of volcanoes.
  1. Name the two other towns that were destroyed along with Pompeii by the eruption of Mt Vesuvius in 79AD.
  2. What is the current height of Mt Vesuvius?
  3. What sort of temperatures are regularly recorded by scientists around the mouth of Mt Vesuvius?

Early Finishers – The Giant’s Causeway

Giant’s Causeway, Ireland 6
Giant’s Causeway

Giant’s Causeway Link

  1. Where is the Giant’s Causeway?
  2. When was the Giant’s Causeway Formed?
  3. What type of rock makes up the Giant’s Causeway?
  4. Why did Ireland have a sub-tropical climate around the time that the Giant’s Causeway was formed?
  5. What 2-D shape occurs on the Causeway’s rocks?
  6. How did this 2-D shape come about?
  7. How, according to the legend of Finn MacCool, was the Giant’s Causeway formed? Why might people have believed this story in the past?

(image credits: http://wallpapermaniacal.blogspot.ie, Britannica via Scoilnet, http://traveltripjourney.blogspot.ie)

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